Just wondering how the government could aid development of Indian airlines and Manage bilaterals in an unbiased manner ( leave aside bucket loads of cash finding way to babu’s accounts) . Here is a list of ideas
1. Bilateral capacity allowed to grow to infinity as long as not more than 25 percent passengers are connecting from the other country , and > 90 percent of bilateral is used up ... 6 monthly review
2. Only negotiate at country level not at province / emirate whatever else - define it as UN recognition ( some exceptions like Taiwan permitted )
3. Country negotiating needs to come and negotiate on behalf of airlines and airports - cannot take airline only approach . Slot availability in India to be made basis equivalent a lot availability in their markets
4. Greater than 5000k rule on restriction is great
5. Indian bilaterals can only be utilised by airlines owned 50 percent by known Indian entities ( bvi, Panama , Mauritius not ok) or with > 75 percent float on Indian exchanges
Bilaterals are more than the aviation rights. Your #1 makes it so many nations with full bilaterals won't negotiate. UK, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Germany, Singapore, HKG...
2. The Emirates are independent. HKG's bilateral is independent. Dubai grants rights only for Dubai and is not required to provide slots at a time so that another Emirate can fly (and won't).
3. I agree. Bilaterals require equal access
But you have to give something for the other trade parts negotiated as part of a bilateral (banking, pharma, chemical, food, visas, military cooperation,).
We on a.net are too aviation focused. No city/nation goes into a bilateral only negotiating one industry and ignoring how some city states have withheld rights doesn't go to how to improve.
India needs to improve the process to compete on connections (faster transfers international to international, they must compete), expand infrastructure, and cut fuel taxes (adds more to the cost of long haul than industry standard profit).
The reality is India has policies in place that push customers to connect in foreign hubs. Fix that first.
You know nothing John Snow.